Arzi Hukumat E Azad Hind, or the Provisional Government of Free India, also known as Azad Hind (Free India) was formed on 21st October 1943 in Singapore. It was a provisional government of India that was established by Indian nationalists who were exiled from the country during World War II. Azad Hind was led by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose as Head of the State and the government. Netaji aimed to restructure the armed Indian Independence movement, initiated preparations for modernizing the army, and thereafter organising a campaign to assemble the support of the various Indian communities present in Southeast Asia.

The Provisional Government of Free India, or the Arzi Hukumat E Azad Hind, announced right and control over civilian and military personnel, who were from India, in Southeast Asian British colonial regions. Moreover, the government proclaimed eventual authority over Indian territory that was under the Japanese forces and the Indian National Army during the Japanese propulsion towards India during World War II. The Arzi Hukumat E Azad Hind comprised of its own legal tender, court and civil code. The formation of this government provided a better legitimacy to the Indian freedom struggle against the British administration in India. The government of Azad Hind took control of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the year 1943, from Japan. The provisional government also occupied parts of Nagaland and Manipur.

After the formation of the Arzi Hukumat E Azad Hind, the government-in-exile announced war against the Anglo American allied forces on the Indo-Burma Front. The Indian National Army (INA) or the Azad Hind Fauj, which was the army of the government, went to fight against the British Indian Army and the allied forces along with the Imperial Japanese Army in the sector of Imphal, Kohima. The Arzi Hukumat E Azad Hind existed until the civil administration of the Andaman Islands was reassigned to the jurisdiction of the British Government during the culmination of the war. The authority of Azad Hind was effectively finished with the surrender of the final major contingent of troops of Azad Hind Fauj in Rangoon. Arzi Hukumat E Azad Hind was disestablished on 18th August 1945.

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